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A Bill is a proposal for a law that is introduced into parliament. Most Bills are proposed by the political party in government, ie., the party holding the majority in the lower house. Whilst the role of the executive arm of government is to develop and administer policy, the role of the parliament (or legislature) is to examine and approve proposals for legislation and to monitor the effectiveness of its operation, often through the work of committees. Once passed by parliament and granted the Royal Assent by the Governor-General, the Bill becomes an Act.

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