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Criminal Law Online

ZipLaw Gold CDA crime is any behavior that is punishable by a fine, imprisonment or both. Hence, Criminal Law deals with crimes and their punishments. Criminal cases involve prosecution by the government of an individual(s) who has committed an act that has been classified as a crime. On the other hand, Civil cases involveindividual(s) or business that is seeking to resolve legal disputes. Criminal and Civil cases differ in objective and results. Criminal cases must prove the individual accused of the crime is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, whereas Civil cases must demonstrate the defendants’ liability by a preponderance of evidence.

Types of Crimes

There are two types of crimes: misdemeanors and felonies. Misdemeanors are described as crimes that are punishable by less than one years’ imprisonment and can include theft and mischief. Felonies are crimes that are punishable by more than one years’ imprisonment, such as murder or rape. If charged with a felony the individual has the right to a jury trial.

A newer system of crime classification, called the “Model Penal Code,” is gradually replacing the common law system of dividing crimes into these two categories. This newer system classifies crimes by “degree” or severity of the crime, with “First Degree Crimes” being the most serious. This system also recognizes criminal conduct less serious than crimes, such as offenses and violations.

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